When the carpets of the Obruk region are examined in terms of composition and pattern features, a geometric style is observed. This style fits well with today's contemporary aesthetic understanding. In general, the middle ground in carpets is divided into squares or rectangles, and the main motif is placed in them, and the geometric motif or motifs are placed one after the other in the spaces left on the floor. In general, when you look at the surface of the carpets, the infinity principle stands out even in a single thick border surrounding the middle ground. This feature is in the nature of keeping a tradition from the Seljuk period alive. There are also geometric motifs inside the borders. The most characteristic feature of these carpets is that there is another border at the beginning and end of the carpets, apart from the main border surrounding the middle ground. There are also geometric motifs inside these borders. Arısama (Obruk) carpets have floor, quarter, pillow, cushion, prayer rug and report pattern weaving types. Among the characteristic floor decorations, there are floral motifs, rug patterns, geometric motifs, animal figures (such as scorpion, dog, deer), Latin letter figures, Turkmen lake motif, motifs symbolizing eternity. It is striking that the basic motifs are large and distinct. The ground color is white, copper red, dark blue or blue. They are woven using 100% wool yarn. The motifs used in the weavings made in the village of Obruk; It is seen that it symbolizes issues such as fertility, luck, health, death, sin, resurrection, evil eye and eternity. The most commonly used patterns in weaving are motifs such as eye, star, tree of life, amulet, river, sergeant, chicken foot, apple foot, deer and ram horn. Obruk carpets are coarse, thick fabrics. Obruk carpets, which have qualities such as 20x29, 19x32 (the number of loops per dm2), have a large section called the belly on the middle ground and large motifs that complete it. These are called “core carpets”.
Carpet making starts with the unwinding (wrapping) of the ropes called access to the looms, which were previously made of wood and now made of iron, and weaving the end part called the foot. The carpet is raised by making loops with colored woolen threads according to the predetermined model. After each row, the weft thread, called a mesh, is first passed through and tightened with a kilt in order to place the loops and make them tight. Then, the second mouthpiece is opened by lowering the one that arrives, crossing it and passing the weft (weft) and tightening the loops is done by hitting it again with a cricket. Obruk carpets take their names from the motifs used in the middle, that is, the belly part. These are motifs such as sergeant, fish, apple and they are included in the pattern composition of the weavings.
In the village of Obruk, the ropes are obtained from sheep's wool. After the wool sheared from the sheep in the spring is separated according to its quality and color, the back wool of the sheep selected for weaving is washed by hand. The cleaned wool is dried, thrown into the wool carding machine, combed and turned into a ball (ball) in the same machine. The quarters are opened and spun with a spinning wheel. The spun threads are handcuffed and dyed by the weavers. Women do the dyeing process over fire in cauldrons. They boil the threads with dyestuffs in the cauldrons. At the beginning of the dyeing process, the plants are first wetted and kept in order to ensure that the threads absorb the dye better. It is then boiled until the dye is vomited from the plants. The threads are pressed into the cauldron containing these materials and continue to be boiled. The threads are washed after getting the dye thoroughly. This method is important for the carpet to preserve its color for a long time. After the dyeing process is completed by boiling in the cauldrons, the dyed threads are removed from the cauldron and rinsed in large basins. The purpose of this process is to thoroughly purify the dyed threads from the dyestuffs.
Colors such as red and blue are dyed with chemical dyes in the ropes used. The green color is obtained by dyeing the vineyard leaf and the color called tetir with walnut shell. Gray (flounder) and rust color are obtained from the natural state of sheep's wool. Since the weavings are woven in accordance with the wishes of the weaver, free original weavings are made in each of them.
Carpet Condition Terms:
Extraordinary: It is the term used for rugs and carpets that have the characteristic of having a very difficult or special production technique, aging correctly, or having a high level of artistic value, as well as having no defects in the product. The value of new or second hand rugs and carpets, which are in outstanding condition, continues to increase over the years.
Antiques: Although the product is over 80 years old, it has a design, paint technique and origin features that can preserve its artistic value. Antique products can tear, wear, and cause pain. Most antique products have a more valuable aura as they age due to the natural paint and construction technique. For this reason, antique expert values are formed according to the current state of the antique products, the way they are worn, their production techniques and the region.
Excellent: Rugs and rugs in excellent condition are flawless, clean, with the potential to increase in value, bearing the characteristics of the region, and produced correctly. They can be antiques when used properly.
Good: These are carpets and rugs that have average defects in carpets and rugs and are likely to increase in value.
Medium: These are carpets and rugs suitable for daily use, which may have minor damage, do not have a high degree of motif difficulty, and are average in terms of yarn and paint material used.
Mediocre: Rugs and rugs with low pattern difficulty, relatively easy to manufacture, lost quality in various aspects (torn stains, paint mixing, etc.).
Hand-made carpets and rugs do not have bad or very bad classes. All the carpets and rugs produced are a great hand labor. However, there are carpets and rugs that cannot create their value within the bounds of possibility. All carpets and rugs produced are very special works of art that require great labor and production time. For this reason, there is no carpet or rug with low hand made value. There are only carpets and rugs whose experimental value is relatively lower than their square meter. Our recommendation is to use handmade carpets and rugs in your home, office, and in all areas of your life. One square meter rug or carpet is made in 1-2 months on average. Natural rugs and carpets organize the energy of your life, add value to life, improve your artistic approach, and are beneficial to nature. It is completely a part of nature, sustainable and harmless.