During the rescue excavations carried out by the Hittite University Black Sea Archeology Research Center; A mosaic floor covering with an archaeological apple tree figure dated to the Roman Period was reached. It has been determined that apple cultivation in Amasya has a history dating back to 2000 years, with the apple tree figure carved on this mosaic floor covering, which is estimated to belong to 2000 years ago. The altitude of Amasya province from sea level is between 411.69 m and 1150 m. It has soils with flat slope, good permeability, deep fertile soil profile and rich in nutrients, mostly sloping lands. Amasya has a transition feature between the Black Sea and Central Anatolia climates. For this reason, the ecology of Amasya province has a variable and diverse structure. This change and diversity in ecology creates a multitude of alternatives for agriculture. Because of these features; It is possible to grow many different species and varieties both in culture plants and in flora. Summers are hot, winters are mild, and cold in high places. The temperature is between -3.7° and +36.1° in low places. The climate prevails in the microclimate characteristic of being a transitional climate and the effect of the Yeşilırmak Valley formed by the Yeşilırmak River passing through the province of Amasya. This valley creates a throat breeze in the province of Amasya, and this plays an important role in the formation of Amasya Civet Apple's unique odor and aroma properties.
Amasya Limestone; It is included in the Malus domestica species of the Rosacae family, the genus Malus. The flower of Amasya Limestone blooms together with the leaves. The white flowers are usually light pink when first opened. It has 5 petals with a diameter of 2.5-3.5 cm. The seeds are bright brown and full. The number of core houses is five and they are in the shape of a star. Fruits collected in the second half of September or the beginning of October can last until May under well-preserved conditions. In terms of taste, the genetic structure, that is, the variety feature, as well as the growing conditions are very important. In other words, soil structure, irrigation status, fertilization, day and night temperature difference, sun exposure etc. they make a significant contribution to the improvement of the taste by increasing the dry matter content of the fruit or vegetable, that is, the density of sugar and similar substances. In this respect, the province of Amasya has its own strong odor and aroma due to the climatic characteristics of Amasya. The production of new products by drying apples increases the income to be obtained from apple production / processing, allowing apples to be consumed throughout the year. Amasya Lime is a temperate climate fruit. This apple, which is the symbol of Amasya province, is obtained from the grafting made with the pens taken from the apple trees, which are usually grafted on seedling rootstocks or MM111, MM106 apple rootstocks, known as Amasya Lime Apple in Amasya province.